# Greek in XeLaTeX Part 2

As I was to finish my master thesis I came across a small problem. I had to insert a chapter of around 10 pages describing the whole thesis in Greek. At first I was thinking just to use the xgreek  package along with the  xltxtra  and I’d be fine. But with two problem emerged: First the  xgreek  package overrides all definitions on e.g. chaptername and bibname variables. This means that in the English text instead of “Chapter” I would get “Κεφάλαιο” instead. The second problem is that the font that I was using for the Thesis did not support unicode.
Starting from the latter I used:

\usepackage{fontspec}
\newfontfamily\greekfont{Kerkis}


in order to make a \greekfont family that I could use to make the text appear. I did that and avoided using chapters (only sections and subsections) and everything was good because I did not needed to use the  xgreek  package. Then I realized that a new problem emerged. The words in Greek would not be split in the end of sentences. Instead they would go over the margin! This could easily be solved with the  xgreek  package. In order to make it easy for me I used the package eventually and redefined everything (below is the code for everyone to copy)

% Partially negating xgreek package
\def\prefacename{Preface}%
\def\refname{References}%
\def\abstractname{Abstract}%
\def\bibname{Bibliography}%
\def\chaptername{Chapter}%
\def\appendixname{Appendix}%
\def\contentsname{Contents}%
\def\listfigurename{List of Figures}%
\def\listtablename{List of Tables}%
\def\indexname{Index}%
\def\figurename{Figure}%
\def\tablename{Table}%
\def\partname{Part}%
\def\enclname{Enclosed}%
%\def\ccname{Κοινοποίηση}%
\def\pagename{Page}%
\def\seename{see}%
\def\proofname{Proof}%
\def\glossaryname{Glossary}%


And then I realized what a fool I have been! With the use of the  xgreek package the words in English would not break at the end of the sentences! That was the rest of the thesis… Thus the problem with the words not breaking could not be solved and I ended up breaking the Greek sections painfully manually. If there is any way to do it please tell me!

## 2 thoughts on “Greek in XeLaTeX Part 2”

1. panos says:

Hi,

Actually there are more than one solutions to your problem. It can be solved by using package xgreek, by using package polyglossia (the replacement of babel in XeLaTeX) or by using low-level XeLaTeX commands.

In xgreek and polyglossia when you want to use different hyphenation rules, you have to declare the language of the text. This can be done easily for xgreek
\setlanguage{american}
or
\setlanguage{monogreek}
You can specify a convenience macro for easy change of the hyphenation rules
\newcommand{\en}[1]{\setlanguage{american}#1\setlanguage{monogreek}}

In polyglossia the main language doesn’t need any declaration. The secondary languages must be inserted in an separate environment
\begin{english}

\end{english}
The convinience macro this time is:
\newcommand{\en}[1]{\begin{english}#1\end{english}}

The easiest by far way though is to save this code in a file named autohyph.sty,
http://www.mechpedia.gr/mw/images/Autohyph.tex
install it (or place it in the same folder with your main.tex file) and just put in the preamble
\usepackage{autohyph}
Everything should work out of the box!

with regards,
Panos

ps. Next time you have problems like this visit http://tex.stackexchange.com/

2. bempelise says:

Panos,
Thank you very much I tried the xgreek with the \stelanguage commands and it works like a charm!